Weekly Review: Municipal Bond CEFs – PCQ Almost Reached 40% Premium



Over the past few months, most of you have noticed our increased activity in closed-end funds as the inflow of volatility finally shook them up and created various arbitrage and directional opportunities for active traders like us.

Currently, we are cautious when we choose our long positions, as most of the closed-end funds which hold municipal bonds have lost their statistical edge and are traded at positive Z-scores. However, there are several interesting pair trade opportunities which can be traded. For the conservative market participants with a longer investment horizon, I still see interesting dividend opportunities which are traded at high discounts.

The Benchmark

A shorter week and relatively low trading volume in the municipal bonds. The factors which affected the bonds were mainly the distributed monthly dividend and monthly jobs report. On Friday, the 10-year Treasury note yield climbed back above 2.00% after the government’s monthly jobs report showed much-stronger-than-expected employment growth in June. I think the real problem here for the investors was the possibility to not see a dividend cut in July as some of them anticipate.

On a weekly basis, the main index, the iShares National Muni Bond ETF (MUB), decreased its price by $0.15 and finished the Friday session at $112.94 per share. It is important to mention that the ex-dividend date of the main index was on Monday, and it distributed a monthly dividend of $0.2290 per share.

Source: Barchart.com – iShares National Muni Bond ETF

Source: Dividend.com

As you know, we follow the performance of the U.S. Treasury bonds – considering them a risk-free product – with maturities greater than 20 years: the iShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF (TLT). The reason for that is the strong correlation between these major indices, and the chart below proves it. Additionally, a statistical comparison is provided by our database software:

Source: Barchart.com – iShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF

Source: Author’s software

Comparison Of The Yields And Municipal/Treasury Spread Ratio

Investing in municipal bonds is popular because they have the potential to offer higher yields than similar taxable bonds. If an investor wants to know whether muni bonds are cheap in comparison to taxable bonds or Treasuries, they could find out by comparing them. However, this method does have its limitations, and the investor should perform a more thorough analysis before making a decision:

Source: Bloomberg.com, Municipal and Treasury Yields

Source: Bloomberg.com, Municipal and Treasury Yields

The Municipal/Treasury spread ratio, or M/T ratio as it is more commonly known, is a comparison of the current yield of municipal bonds to U.S. Treasuries. It aims to ascertain whether or not municipal bonds are an attractive buy in comparison. Essentially, an M/T ratio north of 1 means that investors receive the tax benefit of muni bonds for free, making them even more attractive for high net worth investors with higher tax rate considerations.

Source: Bloomberg.com, Municipal and Treasury Yields

The narrowing spread and 3-month LIBOR are important for the leveraged municipal funds, and they can be highly affected by them. The 3-month LIBOR rate is a commonly used funding benchmark for the municipal bond CEFs.


Data by YCharts

Source: YCharts, 10-2 Year Treasury Yield Spread and 3-Month LIBOR based on US Dollar

The News

Source: Yahoo News, Municipal Bond Closed-End Funds News

Over the past week, several funds announced their regular dividends:

  • MainStay DefinedTerm Municipal Opportunities Fund (MMD) $0.0850 per common share.
  • Invesco Advantage Municipal Income Trust II (VKI) $0.0450 per share.
  • Eaton Vance California Municipal Income Trust (CEV) $0.0446 per share.
  • Eaton Vance Municipal Bond Fund (EIM) $0.0429 per share.
  • Eaton Vance New York Municipal Bond Fund (ENX) $0.0415 per share.
  • Eaton Vance California Municipal Bond Fund (EVM) $0.0395 per share.
  • Eaton Vance New York Municipal Income Trust (EVY) $0.0433 per share.
  • Nuveen Intermediate Duration Municipal Term Fund (NID) $0.0425 per share.
  • MFS California Municipal Fund (CCA) $0.0335 per share.
  • PIMCO California Municipal Income Fund (PCQ) $0.0770 per share.
  • Pimco California Municipal Income Fund II (PCK) $0.0350 per share.
  • PIMCO Municipal Income Fund (PMF) $0.0597 per share.
  • PIMCO Municipal Income Fund II (PML) $0.0650 per share.
  • PIMCO Municipal Income Fund III (PMX) $0.0507 per share.
  • PIMCO New York Municipal Income Fund (PNF) $0.0530 per share.
  • PIMCO New York Municipal Income Fund II (PNI) $0.0400 per share.
  • PIMCO New York Municipal Income Fund III (PYN) $0.0355 per share.
  • PIMCO California Municipal Income Fund III (PZC) $0.0419 per share.
  • BlackRock Municipal Income Investment QualityTrust (BAF) $0.0515 per share.
  • BlackRock Municipal Income Investment Trust (BBF) $0.0540 per share.
  • BlackRock California Municipal Income Trust (BFZ) $0.0415 per share.
  • Delaware Investments National Municipal Income Fund (VFL)

    $0.0500 per share.

  • Delaware Investments Minnesota Municipal Income Fund II (VMM) $0.0375 per share.
  • Dreyfus Municipal Bond Infrastructure Fund (DMB) $0.0530 per share.
  • DWS Strategic Municipal Income Trust (KSM) $0.0475 per share.
  • DWS Municipal Income Trust (KTF) $0.0425 per share.

Weekly Charts

1. Biggest price decrease

Source: CEFConnect.com

2. Biggest price increase

Source: CEFConnect.com

Review Of Municipal Bond CEFs

1. Lowest Z-Score

Source: CEFConnect.com

Sorting by the lowest Z-scores, we find out that we cannot talk about a statistical edge in the sector. It is an appropriate indicator to see how many times the discount/premium deviates from its mean for a specific period. As you notice, only six of the funds provide us with negative Z-scores.

The Pioneer Municipal High Income Advantage Trust (MAV) continues to be the most undervalued fund based on the statistical approach with its Z-score of -1.10 points. The price of MAV dropped after the announcement of a new dividend cut.

Source: CEFAnalyzer.com

It is very interesting to find PIMCO funds in the table. The PIMCO New York Municipal Income Fund II (PNI) is taking the second position in the ranking after its price remained in negative territory with 1.03% on a weekly basis. On the other side, its net asset value reported an increase of 0.26%. The situation around one of the other New York municipal bond closed-end funds of PIMCO is very similar. The price of the PIMCO New York Municipal Income Fund III (PYN) was among the worst weekly performers, and it is traded at a Z-score of -0.60 points.

I continue to follow the performance of these PIMCO funds, and if their prices continue to fall, I may review them as potential “Long” candidates. It is not a very common situation to have an opportunity to buy PIMCO funds at their net asset value or at discount.

2. Highest Z-Score

Source: CEFConnect.com

Аbove are the closed-end funds sorted by their highest Z-score. From a statistical point of view, they should be overpriced. In the current market environment, when the sector is very strong and we may see interest rates cuts, it is very difficult to say which of the munis are overpriced. Yes, the Z-scores are high, but they are still traded at discounts. My simple recommendation is to play the game smart, and when some of your long positions are traded at a Z-score above 2.00 points, close them and buy some of the funds which have a lower statistical parameter. The risk/reward ratio is not in your favor when you hold statistically overpriced funds.

Аnother very important point which I would like to highlight is the topic of the earnings and the dividends. In other words, how to avoid “dangerous” funds which can decrease their dividend. The easiest way is to monitor the earning/coverage ratio and the UNII/share balance. If both of them become negative for several consecutive periods, the dividend cut seems a very realistic event.

Let us take the Invesco California Value Municipal Income Trust (VCV), for example. It has a Z-score of 2.20 points, and I suppose most of the market participants buy it at the current price due to its yield of 4.44%. If you check the latest earning per share, you will notice that it is not high enough to cover the monthly dividend. On top of that, the UNII/share balance is negative. All the prerequisites to see dividend cut very soon. So, from each angle, the closing of your long position in VCV seems the right choice.

Source: CEFdata.com

The average one-year Z-score in the sector is 1.11 points. Last time, the average Z-score of the municipal sector was 1.17 points.

Source: CEFConnect.com

3. Biggest Discount

Source: CEFConnect.com

Over the past week, only the Invesco Trust For Investment Grade New York Municipals (VTN) reported a decrease in its net asset value. The rest of the funds increased their net asset values. Тhe more important fact is that compared to the previous time, we do not see significant changes in the discount/premium metric of the municipal bond closed-end funds.

The Delaware Investments Minnesota Municipal Income Fund II (VMM) is the new leader of the ranking and the only participant that has a discount above 13.00%. If you want to extend your investments in Minnesota, then VMM may catch your attention. The current yield of the fund is 3.50%, and the dividend is fully covered by the latest earnings. The credit quality of VMM is more than impressive, as 43.79% of its investments are rated “AA”.

Source: CEFdata.com

Source: Fund Sponsor Website

4. Highest Premium

Source: CEFConnect.com

Recently, this section has been devoted to the PIMCO California Municipal Income Fund (PCQ). It is impossible to miss the performance of this fund. Аfter the announcement of the unchanged dividend, the price of PCQ rose by 4.28% and closed at $19.47 per share. Pretty soon, we can see this fund traded above at a 40.00% premium. It is unnecessary to say that I strongly recommend staying away from a long position in this fund.

Source: CEFdata.com

The average discount/premium of the sector is -5.60%. Last time, the average spread between the prices and the net asset values of the funds was -5.63%.

Source: CEFConnect.com

5. Highest 5-year Annualized Return On NAV

Source: CEFConnect.com

The above sample shows the funds which outperformed their peers. The average return on net asset value for the past five years for the sector is 5.40%.

Аlthough PIMCO funds are one of the best performers, the Eaton Vance Municipal Income Trust (EVN) achieved a higher return on its net asset value. This closed-end fund is still traded at a 9.16% discount, and its Z-score is relatively low. If the historical performance of the fund is important for you, you will want to review EVN as a potential candidate for your portfolio.

6. Highest Distribution Rate

Source: CEFConnect.com

The average yield on price is 4.25%, and the average yield on net asset value is 4.02%. An important notice that I would like to make here is to be rational and to include the earning/coverage ratio to your analysis. Some of the market participants invest in the funds which pay higher yields, but they do not take into consideration the risk of a potential dividend cut if the dividend is not covered by the earnings.

The Nuveen Municipal High Income Opportunity Fund (NMZ) is a fund which caught my attention in a positive way. It offers a 5.08% current yield, and its dividend is fully covered by the earnings. On top of that, the UNII balance per share is in green territory.

Source: CEFdata.com

7. Lowest Effective Leverage %

Source: CEFConnect.com

The average effective leverage of the sector is 36.1%. Logically, most of the funds with lower effective leverage have lower distribution rates compared to the rest of the closed-end funds. Seven funds from the sector have effective leverage equal to zero.


Compared to the previous years, the discounts of the closed-end funds holding such products have significantly widened, but we remain cautious when we select our long positions due to the high Z-scores in the sector. However, there are several interesting pair trades which you can review.

Note: This article was originally published on July 07, 2019, and some figures and charts may not be entirely up to date.

Trade With Beta

At Trade With Beta, we also pay close attention to closed-end funds and are always keeping an eye on them for directional and arbitrage opportunities created by market price deviations. As you can guess, timing is crucial in these kinds of trades; therefore, you are welcome to join us for early access and the discussions accompanying these kinds of trades.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, but may initiate a short position in PCQ over the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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